Conflict between pastoralist and farming populations is becoming more frequent and severe across the Sahel and the Horn of Africa. The Sudan, where pastoralists still constitute more than 20% of the population, is no exception. Competition for resources among herders themselves and between herders and farmers is increasingly recognised as being one of the main causes of violent conflict in the country. The roots of this conflict are complex, including basic competition for natural resources, social and political ambitions of individuals and groups, and inappropriate land policies, which have discriminated against pastoralists since colonial times. Over the years, these policies have restricted survival strategies available to mobile herders, leading to increasing poverty and confrontation between groups in areas of scarce resources.
SOS Sahel UK is revitalising traditional forms of cooperation between herders and farmers, and working with communities and local government to improve services to rural areas to institute the rehabilitation and recovery that is desperately needed in Sudan. We have expanded our operations further into the war-affected regions of Abyei and the Nuba Mountains in South Kordofan and Darfur in Western Sudan, areas particularly vulnerable to conflict.
|Reduction of conflict||Water supply|
In North Kordofan state alone, about 90% of the 1.5 million population are either farmers or pastoralists.